Important Types and Symptoms of ADHD for Awareness

Nowadays attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder ( ADHD ) is very common among children. 3 types of ADHD are commonly found. ADHD symptoms include inattention (inability to focus), hyperactivity (an excessive movement that is inappropriate for the situation), and impulsivity (hasty acts that occur at the moment without thought). This disease is a chronic and debilitating disorder that affects many aspects of a person’s life, including academic and professional achievements, interpersonal relationships, and daily functioning. When ADHD is not treated properly, it can lead to low self-esteem and social function in children.

Adults with ADHD may have low self-esteem, responsiveness to criticism, and increased self-criticism, perhaps as a result of lifelong criticism. It should be noted that this illness presentation and assessment vary in adults; this section focuses on children.

What is Attention-Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder ( ADHD )?

ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) is a brain disorder that affects your ability to pay attention, sit still, and control your behavior. It begins in childhood and can continue into adulthood.

The most prevalent diagnosed mental disorder in children is ADHD. More likely to be seen in boys than girls, can be discovered in the early years of school when it is found to have difficulty in paying attention.

ADHD cannot be avoided or cured. However, early detection and a good treatment and education plan can help a child or adult with this illness manage their symptoms.

Symptoms of ADHD

Typical ADHD symptoms include:

  • Inattention
  • A lack of concentration
  • Ineffective time management
  • A lack of impulse control
  • Exaggerated feelings
  • Hyperfocus\shyperactivity
  • Executive incompetence

ADHD symptoms differ from person to person. You or your child may experience all or some of the symptoms listed above and others in the DSM-V. Many patients and clinicians compare ADHD to an iceberg, with most symptoms hidden beneath the surface — out of sight but always present.

The 3 Types of ADHD

Primarily Hyperactive-Impulsive ADHD

Primarily Inattentive ADHD (Formerly ADD)

People with the inattentive subtype of ADHD struggle to focus, complete tasks, and follow directions. They are easily distracted and prone to forgetfulness. They could be daydreamers who regularly lose track of homework, cell phones, and conversations.

According to specialists, many children with the Inattentive subtype of ADHD may go undiagnosed because they do not interrupt the educational environment.

ADHD of the Combined Type

Individuals with combined-type ADHD exhibit a combination of all of the symptoms listed above. A physician will diagnose cases with this Combined Type of ADHD if they meet the Primarily Inattentive ADHD and Primarily Hyperactive-Impulsive ADHD criteria. That is, they must exhibit six of the nine symptoms associated with each sub-type.

The fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V) lists nine signs that recommend ADHD-Primarily Inattentive and nine clinical signs that indicate ADHD-Primarily Hyperactive/Impulsive. A baby may be diagnosed with ADHD if he or she demonstrates at least six of the nine symptoms described below, and if the symptoms have been present for at least six months.

Types of ADHD
Types of ADHD (Sandstore Care)

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Salient symptoms to be considered for ADHD

9 Symptoms of Primarily Inattentive Type of Attention-Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder ( ADHD )

  • Frequently fails to pay close attention to specifics or makes silly mistakes in coursework, work, or other activities (e.g., overlooks or misses details, work is inaccurate).
  • Frequently struggles to maintain focus on tasks or play activities (e.g., has difficulty remaining focused during lectures, conversations, or lengthy reading).
  • When confronted directly, he frequently does not appear to listen (e.g., his mind seems elsewhere, even in the absence of any obvious distraction).
  • Frequently fails to follow directions and fails to complete schoolwork, chores, or workplace duties (e.g., starts tasks but quickly loses focus and is easily side-tracked).
  • Frequently struggles with task and activity organization (e.g., difficulty managing sequential tasks; difficulty keeping materials and belongings in order; messy, disorganized work; poor time management).
  • Frequently avoids, dislikes, or is hesitant to engage in tasks requiring prolonged intellectual effort (e.g., schoolwork or homework; for older adolescents and adults, preparing reports, completing forms, reviewing lengthy papers).
  • Frequently misplaces items required for tasks or activities (e.g., school materials, pencils, books, tools, wallets, keys, paperwork, eyeglasses, mobile telephones).
  • Is distracted easily by external stimuli (for older adolescents and adults, may include unrelated thoughts).
  • Is frequently forgetful in daily activities (e.g., doing chores, running errands; for older adolescents and adults, returning calls, paying bills, keeping appointments)

9 Symptoms of Primarily Hyperimpulsive Type of ADHD

  • Frequently wiggles tap hands or feet, or squirms in seat.
  • Frequently leaves the seat when remaining seated is expected (e.g., leaves his or her place in the classroom, in the office or other workplace, or in other situations that require remaining in place).
  • Frequently runs around or climbs in inappropriate situations. (Note: In adolescents or adults, symptoms may be limited to agitation.)
  • Frequently unable to play or participate in leisure activities quietly.
  • Is frequently “on the move,” acting as if “powered by a motor” (e.g., is unable to be or uncomfortable being still for an extended time, as in restaurants, and meetings; may show restlessness.
  • Frequently speaks excessively.
  • Quite often blurts out a reply before a question is finished (e.g., finishes people’s sentences; cannot pause for the turn in discussion).
  • Has a hard time waiting for his or her turn (e.g., while waiting in line).
  • Frequently interrupts or intrudes on others (for example, butts into conversations, games, or activities; may begin using other person’s items without asking or obtaining permission; both adolescents and adults may intervene in or take over what others are doing).”
Symptoms of ADHD
Symptoms of ADHD (Teachoo)

Causes of ADHD

The reasons for ADHD are still unknown. According to research, genetics, and heredity play a significant role in determining who gets this illness. Scientists are still investigating whether certain genes, particularly those linked to the neurotransmitter dopamine, play a specific role in the development of this illness.

According to additional research, certain chemicals may increase a child’s risk of this illness.

ADHD is not caused by poor parenting, excessive sugar consumption, or excessive video game play. This illness is a biological brain disorder. Many physiological differences in the brains of people with this illness have been discovered through brain imaging studies and other research.

How is ADHD identified?

There is no single ADHD test. To make a diagnosis, your doctor will look for any of the illness symptoms on you or your child have displayed in the last six months. In addition, they will perform a physical exam and review your medical history to rule out any other medical or psychiatric conditions that could be causing your symptoms.

In the most recent version of the DSM, the DSM-V, these subtypes are now considered “presentations.” Researchers discovered that people frequently switch from one subtype to another. A child, for example, may present as primarily hyperactive-impulsive in preschool but lose much of the hyperarousal in adolescence to fit the inattentive principally presentation. The same person may transition to combined presentation in college and adulthood.

The subtypes were determined primarily by overt behavioral symptoms, while less visible symptoms such as emotional dysregulation, cognitive patterns, and sleep difficulties were ignored. Behavioral symptoms capture the distinguishing features of ADHD only imperfectly. Non-behavioral characteristics are becoming more prevalent in research and diagnosis.

ADHD Diagnosis in children

Based on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, one out of every ten children aged 5 to 17 has ADHD7, making ADHD one of the most prevalent early-life neurobehavioral disorders in the United States.

ADHD symptoms are frequently identified at school, as many children with this illness struggle to succeed in school. While teachers cannot diagnose this illness, they are frequently the first to suspect it in children because the symptoms usually interfere with school performance or disrupt the rest of the class.

Many ADHD symptoms can be mistaken for typical childhood behaviors, making it difficult to tell if a child has this illness. Children with primarily hyperactive-impulsive this illness may be perceived as disruptive or misbehaving at first.

Boys are more than twice as likely as girls to be diagnosed with ADHD8 because this illness is still mistakenly thought to be a male disorder and boys are more likely than girls to exhibit outward signs of hyperactivity.


ADHD affects roughly 4.4% of the adult population in the United States, though this figure is thought to be underreported because up to 85% of children with this illness are at risk of developing the disorder as adults, and only 10.9% of adults with this illness receive treatment.

Adults with untreated ADHD can hurt many aspects of their lives, including work, relationships, and mental health. Symptoms such as difficulty managing time, impatience, disorganization, forgetfulness, and mood swings can all cause issues for a person.

Adults with untreated this illness can hurt many aspects of their lives, including work, relationships, and mental health. Symptoms such as difficulty managing time, impatience, disorganization, forgetfulness, and mood swings can all be problematic for someone who is not actively managing their ADHD.

Adult ADHD is rarely found on its own. A comorbid disorder 10, such as anxiety, mood disorder, or substance abuse, affects roughly 60% to 70% of adults with ADHD. If you believe you have adult ADHD, talk to your doctor or mental health professional about diagnosis and treatment options so you can improve your well-being and quality of life.



Medication may be an important part of the treatment plan for children aged 6 and up and adults. Finding the right medication for ADHD usually requires some trial and error, but it can result in a significant reduction in symptoms. There are generally two categories of medicine stimulants and non-stimulants. Stimulants and non-stimulants are the two main types of medication used to treat this illness.

The most commonly prescribed ADHD medications are central nervous system (CNS) stimulants such as Ritalin or Adderall. These ADHD medications work by increasing the levels of the brain chemicals dopamine and norepinephrine, which aid in focus. Stimulant medications are classified into three types:

  • Shortly action taking (taken a few times a day)
  • Intermediate-acting (taken less often)
  • Long-acting (taken once a day)

If stimulants cause unpleasant side effects or are ineffective, the doctor may advise trying non-stimulant medications.

Non-stimulant ADHD medications are considered second or third-line treatments due to lower levels of benefit and response rates. In other words, stimulant medications relieve symptoms for a greater proportion of people.


Therapy. These remedies are aimed at changing behavior.

A child with special needs learns more effectively in school. Framework and routine can be extremely beneficial to children with ADHD.

Behavior modification teaches how to replace negative behaviors with positive ones. Make it clear to your child what behaviors you expect of them. Make simple, unambiguous rules. When they lose control, make them face the consequences you’ve set up, such as time-outs or loss of privileges. Keep an eye out for appropriate behavior. When they control impulsive behavior, a reward would motivate them towards good learning abilities.

Psychotherapy (counseling) can assist people with ADHD in learning better ways to manage their emotions and frustration. Counseling may also assist family members in better understanding this illness in a child or adult.

Social skills training can teach behaviors such as sharing and taking turns.

ADHD and education

ADHD and education Another important aspect of this illness treatment is educating parents about the disorder and how to manage it. This may entail learning parenting skills to assist a child in managing their behavior. In some cases, the entire family of the child may be involved.

Lifestyle changes

  • A few changes in your lifestyle can also help you or your child control signs:
  • Consume a healthy diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein.
  • Every day, get some exercise. Exercise has been shown in studies to help children with this illness control their impulses and other behavioral issues. Consider enrolling your child in a sports team, such as basketball, soccer, or baseball. Playing sports not only provides exercise for children but also teaches them important social skills such as how to follow rules and how to cooperate with others.
  • Limit your use of electronic devices.
  • Get enough sleep.
  • Reduce distractions, such as toys, and improve organization in your child’s room.
  • When you’re raising a child with ADHD, it’s natural to feel frustrated. You will feel more in control if you participate actively in your child’s treatment. It might be useful for you to.
  • Maintain a consistent schedule and routine.
  • Discuss your expectations for your child straightforwardly and honestly. Make your instructions clear and specific.
  • Limit your use of electronic devices.
  • Increase your child’s self-esteem. Because they may have difficulty processing directions and other information, they may be bombarded with corrections, leading to low self-esteem. Make every effort to boost your child’s self-esteem.
  • Encourage your child’s unique talents, particularly in sports and extracurricular activities.
  • Find out everything you can about ADHD and impulsive behaviors.
  • Maintain open lines of communication with your child’s doctor, teachers, and therapists.

Are there different levels of ADHD severity?

According to the DSM-5 criteria, clinicians can classify ADHD as “mild,” “moderate,” or “severe.”

Is there any disease that has symptoms opposite to ADHD?

Sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) is a syndrome related to but distinct from attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Typical symptoms include frequent daydreaming, mental fogginess, hypoactivity, sluggishness, frequent staring, inconsistent alertness, and a slow working speed.

When do the symptoms of ADHD peak?

Hyperactivity symptoms typically peak between the ages of 7 and 8, then gradually fade. The severity of impulsive behavior typically peaks around the age of 7 or 8. There is no specific age at which inattentive behavior becomes more severe.

Is it possible that ADHD causes slow thinking?

Some people with predominately inattentive ADHD also exhibit a subset of symptoms characterized by sluggish-lethargic behavior and mental fogginess. This subset of characteristics has been referred to as “sluggish cognitive tempo” (SCT).

What are the long-term consequences of ADHD?

Because many cases of ADHD last into adulthood, if untreated and undiagnosed, the long-term effects can cause significant impairment in daily life. Social isolation is one of the consequences of ADHD. Reduced academic and occupational performance.