Nepal Khabar Online July 20, 2021
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 In the recent two years, covid-19 has become a part of our life. We are not sure when will the pandemic stops. Firstly, it appeared in the Wuhan province of China, spread to the world shortly. Now it has become the global pandemic after the influenza pandemic between 1918-1920. Human history has seen many of the worst pandemics during the course. Why is this covid-19 pandemic dangerous though? This is because in these 100 years the transportation facilities have reached their peak. No corner of the world is inaccessible. One can travel to any corner of the world within a few hours and days. This has led the virus to spread faster and it’s harder to contain than any other past pandemic.

Pandemics have occurred frequently in the course of human history. It is an outbreak of global proportions. It happens when an infection due to a bacterium or virus becomes capable of spreading widely and rapidly. The history of pandemics can be traced to 165 A.D. called the Antonine Plague which caused the death toll of 5 million people around Asia Minor, Greece, and Italy. Another deadly pandemic occurred in the 14th century called the Bubonic Plague which claimed the lives of 25 million people. Its epicenter was the then Byzantine Empire and Mediterranean port cities (modern-day Greece, Turkey, most of the Baltic states, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan Egypt, and the eastern half of the Roman Empire). Another deadly pandemic in history is considered to be The Black Death claiming the whopping death toll of 75-200 million people. The Black Death is believed to have been the result of plague, an infectious fever caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis. The disease was likely transmitted from rodents to humans by the bite of infected fleas. There are various other flu pandemics in the 19th and 20th centuries (Asiatic Flu” or “Russian Flu in 1889-1890, Influenza PANDEMIC (1918), etc. Now the Covid-19 pandemic. 

We have already seen the 2 waves of the covid-19 pandemic. Recently the chief of the World Health Organization (WHO) Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus on Thursday warned the world about the ‘early stages’ of Covid-19 third wave amid Delta surge. The covid-19 has claimed a total of more than 4 million people to date and the number is increasing day by day. Nobody knows when will this end, how will it end or will it be the new normal that we have to live with. Vaccination programs have been launched worldwide but still, uncertainties remain not just about covid-19 but also about the vaccine itself. There have been various conspiracies about the vaccine that it’s only a stunt to expand the business of the pharmaceuticals. There is no certainty as to whether the vaccine will give full immunity to the coronavirus. Doctors and experts claim that it won’t provide full protection but it certainly gives immunity and helps to reduce the ill effects of the virus.

It is said that the third wave of the pandemic has already started in Europe. It’s not less than a few days or months that the third wave hits the world once again hard with the evolving virus, which is more restrained to the human immune system. So, we should be conscious than ever before to battle this virus by adopting the various safety measures and taking vaccines, because it’s the only way seen till date. 

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